Neurological disorders are ailments that occur when a portion of the brain or nervous system is damaged. Neurological illnesses are shared among the elderly, affecting between 5% and 55% of 55 and up. These illnesses can make life difficult for seniors by limiting their ability to live independently. And as time passes, the disease is likely to worsen, particularly if adequate treatment is not sought.
Types of Neurological Disorders:
Neuropathy is a nerve condition that produces numbness and weakness, most commonly in the hands and feet. Systemic disorders, such as diabetes, drugs, and other factors can cause it.
- The most prevalent form of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. It’s on the list of degenerative neurological illnesses. As a result of the damage in the brain’s nerve cells, it occurs.
- Diabetes, heart disease, stress, brain injuries caused by severe accidents, and heavy drinking and smoking are also risk factors.
- Parkinson’s disease is a movement illness caused by the dysfunction of crucial nerve cells in the brain. It is a chronic and progressive disorder.
- You may notice signs such as shaking, loss of balance, and difficulty walking straight in the older adult.
- In the early phases of tremors, these signs are not noticeable. They change over time.
- Medications and surgery are two possibilities for managing symptoms.
Myopathy is a muscular disorder characterized by muscle weakness, particularly severe in the upper arms and thighs.
- A stroke occurs when the brain cells of an older adult do not receive enough oxygen and nutrients.
- As a result, the brain’s sections either don’t work or work poorly.
- Strokes are caused blood vessels burst in the brain’s arteries. Or it could be linked to the formation of clots (from fat) in other places of the body.
- This clot has the potential to migrate to the brain and restrict the blood’s flow path.
- If you notice any stroke warning symptoms, call 911 right once.
- A set of genetically based progressive muscular diseases.
- The symptoms start with weakening the muscles nearest to the body’s trunk, then proceed to significant muscle degeneration and contraction.
- Multiple Sclerosis isn’t included on any list of neurological illnesses in the elderly. It’s one of the neurological conditions that cause bedwetting.
- As a result, Multiple Sclerosis can lead to bladder control issues in adulthood.
- It occurs when the protective lining of the elder’s nerves (which connect the brain to the rest of the body) clashes with the body’s immune system.
- It has the potential to generate communication issues.
- This condition is a chronic autoimmune disorder in which the signals from the nerves to the muscles are blocked, preventing the muscles from moving.
- Muscle weakness that worsens during periods of exertion and improves after rest is a prominent symptom of the condition.
9 Common Symptoms of Disorders of the Nervous System:
Symptoms of neurological illnesses include pain in the back, neck, joints, and muscles.
Feeling dizzy for no apparent cause is also a symptom of malfunctioning your nervous system.
- Headaches are included in this list of neurological illness symptoms, no matter how common they appear to you.
- They can be caused by stress, hunger, overworking, and other factors, but chronic headaches with no known cause should be evaluated by a physician.
Loss of memory:
- When you can’t concentrate or remember things, it’s a sign that your brain’s nerve cells aren’t performing to their full potential.
- A neurological issue could be causing this lack of brain function.
Problems with the vision:
One of the first signs of a neurological illness is vision problems. It could be the result of damage or a neurological problem that has arisen due to aging.
- One of the first signs of a neurological illness is difficulty with vision.
- It could occur as a result of an injury or a neurological problem that has developed due to growing older.
- Speech issues are another early indicator of neurological illnesses, indicating that your brain isn’t coordinating well with your tongue.
- Degeneration of brain cells may be to blame for the loss of coordination.
Your older may suffer from chronic nausea due to diseases of the nervous system. In this instance, you should have the elder examined by a professional.
- Hormones will change as the functionality of your brain changes as a result of nerve cell degeneration.
- And, if your hormones are disrupted, your weight will fluctuate dramatically.
Diagnosis and signs and symptoms:
The below table lists the ten most common complaints.
|10 Leading Complaints||Frequency||Percentage|
|Less Back Pain||37||19.7%|
|Movement disorders and tremors||26||13.8%|
|Lower limb discomfort||20||10.6%|
|Disorders of the mind||18||9.6%|
|Upper-limb aches and pains||9||4.8%|
|Ailment of the gait||8||4.3%|
Fortunately, there are several available precautions you can take to reduce your chances of developing neurological disorders. The first step is to reduce risk factors such as smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity, etc.
Even if you get a neurological issue later in life, the healthier you are, the more equipped you will be to handle it.