As you know, a person studies from the first minute of his life to the last. However, the foundation, the foundation of knowledge, is laid precisely at school. So what needs to be done to ensure that the child spends this time with maximum benefit? How should the process of learning and personal development be organized? What needs to be done to ensure that the child learns more effectively? What should a modern school look like in general and how should it differ from a traditional one?
These are the questions we will try to answer.
The demand for skills, skills, and professions is changing at an incredible speed. Scientific and technological progress is transforming consumption and creating new employment. If earlier a worker could work until retirement without significant changes in conditions in one production, today everything is different. But in order not to be “overboard” today, you need to constantly improve yourself, develop your skills and gain new ones. That is, one of the main skills that both adults and children should have today is learning.
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Now there is an opportunity to study anything. Previously, they studied only from books that were in limited access. And always, having seen some interesting fact or theory, I wanted to study it even deeper, to learn even more, but often there was simply no way. I had to postpone my study.
Today, studying has become much easier and more interesting, there is access to various books, data, there is an opportunity to communicate with experts, scientists, teachers, politicians, analysts, watch their publications, and know their opinion.
There is a huge amount of materials on the Internet in various areas of knowledge. There are video lessons that are served in the form of a documentary chronicle, with superimposed animation, which makes gaining knowledge even more interesting. You can also choose lecturers and watch video lessons from the best teachers.
The task of the modern approach to learning is to teach the child to adapt to any situation and change in life. Now the system is arranged in such a way that over time, many children lose interest in learning as such. If adults begin to demand from the child what is interesting to him, curiosity begins to fade. Loss of initiative and independence.
And yet, how to make a child want to learn and meet modern conditions of life. The modern class-lesson system at school is not able to solve this problem due to various reasons. But there are simple things that help children learn better. For example, teaching children to analyze how we think and use this knowledge in practice.
The ability to learn has basic components.
1. Self-determination and goal setting
Today we have the freedom to choose what we like. And the task of the teacher is to motivate the child to independently obtain information, analyze it, and ask questions. And it is important for parents to listen to the interests of the child and support his sincere curiosity. The more a person tries, the wider the choice of possibilities in the future.
2. Working with information
Today, humanity produces a colossal amount of information. To prevent information overload, you need to filter it, not absorb it. It is necessary not to isolate yourself from the incoming data, but to be critical of it (for example, in some Scandinavian schools there are special lessons devoted to critical analysis and comparison of information). Teachers should focus not so much on memorizing information, but on understanding it and independently comprehending it. Research and other creative work instead of tests will help children learn how to work more effectively with information, ordinary notes can be replaced with mind maps and schematic visual visualization. Parents can help their children read quickly, understand and remember what they read.
3. Time and self-management
In adulthood, time and project management techniques have been used almost everywhere and for a long time. Therefore, children should be taught this from childhood. You can teach students self-organization by introducing them to the concepts of time management, a clear deadline, and giving them a chance to manage the time allotted for solving tasks at their discretion.
It is often said that exactly as much time is spent on a task as we allocate to it and, accordingly, an artificial increase in time is not always necessary. For group tasks, you can use various project management systems, such as scrum. The task of parents is to help with the organization of life processes in such a way that they can successfully spend the day at school, go to the circle, read, and take a walk. That is, draw up a daily routine with the child, taking into account his wishes and your knowledge.
4. Communications and collaborations
The ability to find a common language with different people and negotiate is the most important skill, without which it will be extremely problematic to do today. Even more worrying is the fact that correspondence in instant messengers is given more preference than live communication. A teacher is not just a carrier of knowledge who transmits it to his students. It should motivate children to get information, show interest and initiative, communicate with each other. The teacher should organize joint activities and help students to establish cooperation. Group research and creative activities in the classroom can encourage children to communicate with each other. And parents can get directly involved in the development of emotional intelligence in children, talking to them about their feelings, letting them know that you understand how they feel and that you are ready to help find a solution.
What other upbringing and educational practices can be relevant today?
1. Soviet psychologist,
founder of the Marxist tradition of studying higher psychological functions, Lev Vygotsky says: “It is important not what the child already knows, but what he can learn.” The modern traditional school, which works on knowledge and assessment, does not focus on the zones of proximal development of each child, that is when the child is not yet able to solve a certain problem on his own but is very close to it. It should be noted here that each child has an individual pace of development, respectively, the zone of proximal development also has its own.
At the same time, if we also take into account the different interests of children, then the need to take into account the zones of proximal development of children becomes more relevant. Hence, another problem of the traditional school is the impossibility of organizing an individual learning path, taking into account the individual characteristics of each child in the format of a general lesson schedule, control and measure work, limited lesson time, etc. Therefore, the school must take a step from systemic to individual development options.
2. Free play is the basis of a child’s future success.
The connection between play and human development has been shown more than once. The game leads the development of thinking, memory, imagination, meta subjectivity. Game activity helps in the formation of speech, helps the child to act in a cognitive situation, allows him to be and feel like someone. Therefore, gamification should become an integral part of learning and be used systematically as a tool at all stages of the educational process. And this is very lacking in today’s school.
3. The task of adults is development assistance.
Many parents are convinced that the school helps the child to socialize. According to Vygotsky, socialization is indeed the most important stage of development. Only it does not consist in giving the child aimlessly to any course or section, but in a cultural context. It is he who leads the child further, helps him become a person with his own “I”. In addition, an important task of adults is to evaluate progress, that is, what the child has already learned, and what he is still capable of. Therefore, an important task of the school is mental and personal development.
4. Grades Don’t Tell What Your Child Has Learned.
We are used to thinking in terms of a five-point scale, but everyone knows that “5” grades are not equal to each other, just like other marks. The mark itself reflects a description of the general state of knowledge of the program in children but does not say what these children generally received at school, what they did not receive, what was not enough, what suggestions and recommendations for improving overall academic performance.
Also, the relative level of development compared to the initial one is not taken into account. Orienting children in their judgments and conclusions to marks, as a reflection of the real state of their knowledge, is another disadvantage.
And the mark allows parents to conclude the development of their children, which of course is not so. Assessment, as one of the components of the educational process, should serve to achieve the overall goal of the school, that is, the development of the child. AND,
5. Every child has a desire to learn.
There is a law: “A child will want to see everything if he is short-sighted, hear everything if he has a hearing anomaly, and want to speak if he has speech difficulties or stuttering.” Therefore, studying at school should not be based on the principles of memorization and submission, but on the contrary, the school should become a space that helps the child to master not only knowledge and skills but also develops him as a person, allows him to move forward. Every child has a chance to grow, even those who seem difficult to learn and incapable.
But how to assess the quality of education? Education can be considered of high quality if students can apply the acquired knowledge in real life. If a child can independently acquire the knowledge necessary for success in society, then everything else will work out. Today,
the school only checks the level of mastering the school curriculum by conducting various kinds of test work, and not the ability to be guided by knowledge in real life and apply it in solving non-standard issues, also using common sense and logic. The child needs to be taught the skills to solve real-life problems and work independently with information. After all, in life, the child will not be faced with tasks from textbooks, which, undoubtedly,
It is also necessary to instill the ability to formulate one’s point of view on controversial issues. The ability to solve problems in the absence of ready-made templates. Students need to know how to organize activities in solving practical problems, know the basics of project activities, be able to correctly apply this knowledge in the construction and implementation of projects.